Knee arthroscopy is a surgical technique that can diagnose and treat problems in the knee joint. During the procedure, your surgeon will make a very small incision and insert a tiny camera — called an arthroscope — into your knee. This allows them to view the inside of the joint on a screen. The surgeon can then investigate a problem with the knee and, if necessary, correct the issue using small instruments within the arthroscope.
Arthroscopy diagnoses several knee problems, such as a torn meniscus or a misaligned patella (kneecap). It can also repair the ligaments of the joint. There are limited risks to the procedure and the outlook is good for most patients. Your recovery time and prognosis will depend on the severity of the knee problem and the complexity of the required procedure.
When Knee Arthroscopy is Recommended
Knee arthroscopy may relieve painful symptoms of many problems that damage the cartilage surfaces and other soft tissues surrounding the joint.
⇒ Removal or repair of a torn meniscus
⇒ Reconstruction of a torn anterior cruciate ligament
⇒ Removal of inflamed synovial tissue
⇒ Trimming of damaged articular cartilage
⇒ Removal of loose fragments of bone or cartilage
⇒ Treatment of patella (kneecap) problems
⇒ Treatment of knee sepsis (infection)